What is Darunavir?
Nov. 2021/6/21 15:26:22 By LEAP Chem
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Molecular formula of Darunavir: C27H37N3O7S
Chemical IUPAC Name: [(1R,5S,6R)-2,8-dioxabicyclo[3.3.0]oct-6-yl] N-[(2S,3R)-4- [(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl- (2-methylpropyl)amino]-3-hydroxy-1-phenyl- butan-2-yl] carbamate CAS No.: 206361-99-1
Darunavir is a prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HIV infection in adults and children 3 years of age and older. Darunavir is always used in combination with the HIV medicine ritonavir (brand name: Norvir) and other HIV medicines.
Darunavir belongs to a class (group) of HIV drugs called protease inhibitors (PIs). PIs block an HIV enzyme called protease. (An enzyme is a protein that starts or increases the speed of a chemical reaction.) By blocking protease, PIs prevent HIV from multiplying and can reduce the amount of HIV in the body.
HIV medicines can’t cure HIV/AIDS, but taking a combination of HIV medicines (called an HIV regimen) every day helps people with HIV live longer, healthier lives. HIV medicines also reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
Uses of Darunavir
Darunavir (DRV), sold under the brand name Prezista among others, is an antiretroviral medication used to treat and prevent HIV/AIDS. It is generally recommended for use with other antiretrovirals. It is often used with low doses of ritonavir or cobicistat to increase darunavir levels. It may be used for prevention after a needlestick injury or other potential exposure. It is taken by mouth once to twice a day. Darunavir is used for treating HIV infection in certain patients along with other antiretroviral medicines. Darunavir must always be taken along with another medicine called ritonavir. Darunavir is an HIV protease inhibitor. It works by blocking the growth of HIV.
Side Effects of Darunavir
Commonly reported side effects of darunavir include: skin rash. Other side effects include: nausea. Severe side effects include allergic reactions, liver problems, and skin rashes such as toxic epidermal necrolysis. While poorly studied in pregnancy it appears to be safe for the baby. It is of the protease inhibitor (PI) class and works by blocking HIV protease.